Hollywood is full of celebrities with blue eyes. In all the romantic movies of the past, do you think the male star on screen who gazed into the starlets stunning blue eyes, knew he was viewing the result of a genetic mutation?
If our eyes are the window to our soul, they are also a doorway to reveal our genetic ancestry.
Most Prevailing Eye Colors
The patterns in the iris are as unique to an individual as his or her own fingerprints. The most common eye color throughout the cosmos is brown. Higher levels of melanin are present in subjects with brown eyes. However the level of melanin is due to your genetics. Your eye color is determined by your parents. For example, 2 brown eyed people cannot have a blue eyed baby. However, if one of them carries a recessive gene along with having brown eyes, a small chance emerges for blue eyes.
Hazel eyes are less common than brown eyes, but they are still common. Hazel eyes are the by-product of a lesser amount of melanin in the front border layer of the iris combined with a condition named Rayleigh scattering. The Hazel eye color is common among people in America and Europe. Hazel colored eyes are rare in African, Middle Eastern and Asian people.
People with gray eye color are similar to persons with a darker shade of blue eyes, as this eye color is related to having low melanin levels in the iris. Normally a person who has gray eyes also has a light pigmentation throughout their body, meaning that they commonly have a pale completion, and lighter hair. Gray eyes are more common in European citizens who belong to countries like Finland the Baltic States and Russia.
This pigment can also be an early indicator of a condition called uveitis. Gray and blue eyed citizens have an increased risk of contracting Uveal Melanoma, which is cancer of the iris. In rare cases, tumors can arise from the pigment cells that are located within the Uvea giving color to the eye.
Less Frequent Eye Colors
Recent research suggest that all people with blue eyes have a sole common ancestor as, once upon a time, all humans had brown irises. Blue eyed persons are thought to have a genetic mutation that began with the same ancestor. The study went on to claim that the cellular metamorphosis of one person resulted in the creation of a ‘switch,’ which prevents the ability to produce brown eyes. Today, blue eyed persons are more common in countries such as Holland, Denmark, Austria, Germany, Iceland, Sweden, Norway and Estonia.
Amber eyes are known as a very rare eye color and have been nicknamed “wolf eyes.” The rarest eye colors in the human population are thought to be amber, red and violet. Persons with this particular color of eyes carry a yellow pigment that is known as lipochrome in their iris.
One to two percent of the earth’s population is born with piercing green eyes, and they are most commonly found in Northern Europe. The green eye trait has been noted in countries of Northern Europe such as Iceland, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Germany, and Holland.
Violet eyes are believed to be caused by a lack of pigment in the iris. When this condition happens the blood vessels become visible. Violet eyes are most often viewed in persons who have been identified as albinos, though perhaps the most famous individual with this look is the lovely Elizabeth Taylor.
Red, the rarest of all human eye hues, is caused by a condition known as albinism. The eyes lack pigment and will appear to be pink or red.
Black eyes are very rare. Some people claim that black eyes are real amongst the Filipino population. However, most of the people who appear to have black eyes actually have very dark brown eyes.
That completes our eye color chart. Humans are more likely to inherit a brown eye trait than a blue eye trait. Someday, scientists predict blue eyes may become a rare eye color. However, regardless of what tint you are born with, you have the ability to switch up your look with Colorblend contacts and Focus Monthly Softcolors.